Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer, and affects the growth of the squamous cells of the skin’s upper layers. An SCC can appear as red, scaly patches, open sores, elevated growths, or warts, and they may bleed or form crust. If left unchecked, SCCs can grow to be disfiguring and even deadly. Similar to Basal Cell Carcinoma, the rate of incidence of SCC has increased steadily over the past several years.
Causes of SCC are mainly from chronic overexposure to UV light and a lifetime of sun damage. Intense artificial UV light such as from tanning beds, and intense sun exposure during summer months can also increase a patient’s risk of developing a SCC.
A SCC can occur on any part of the body, but are most common in areas that are frequently exposed to the sun such as the face, nose, neck, ear, neck, hands, and shins. These areas usually will exhibit signs of sun damage like wrinkles, freckles and age spots, and broken surface blood vessels.